Mark Klein, Hiroki Sayama, Peyman Faratin, and Yaneer Bar-Yam, What complex systems research can teach us about collaborative design, in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD-2001) (IEEE Press, 2001), pp. 5-12.
Collaborative design is challenging because strong interdependencies between design issues make it difficult to converge on a single design that satisfies these dependencies and is acceptable to all participants. Complex systems research has much to offer to the understanding of these dynamics. This paper describes some insights from the complex systems perspective.