Global Grain Consumption Map


Amaç Herdağdelen, Yaneer Bar-Yam (August 23rd, 2011).

Domestic grain consumption across the world

We are experiencing a global crisis due to high food prices. [1] Food prices are a critical aspect of the conditions of poor populations and have been linked to social unrest. [2] Here we provide a map showing the dependence of different countries on the three most produced grains -- corn, rice, and wheat. [3]

The map shows proportions of consumption of the three grains. Each grain is assigned a color -- wheat is green, corn is red, and rice is blue -- and each country is colored according to its ratio of domestic consumption of these three grains. For example, the consumption of corn in the U.S. dominates the other two grains, and this is visible in the red color of the country. In contrast, India has a mix of wheat and rice, leading to a blue-green, and China has a mix of all three grains, leading to a shade of purple. The countries for which data is not available are shown in white.

[1] Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, The state of food insecurity in the world: Addressing food insecurity in protracted crises (FAO, Rome, Italy, 2010).

[2] M. Lagi, K.Z. Bertrand, Y. Bar-Yam, The Food Crises and Political Instability in North Africa and the Middle East. arXiv:1108.2455, August 10, 2011.

[3] U.S. Department of Agriculture (http://www.usda.gov/)

Top 15 Wheat-dependent countries:

  • Uzbekistan 97%
  • Azerbaijan 93%
  • Australia 93%
  • Kazakhstan 93%
  • Tajikistan 92%
  • Russia 91%
  • Turkmenistan 89%
  • Afghanistan 87%
  • Pakistan 80%
  • Morocco 80%
  • Iraq 79%
  • Yemen 78%
  • Turkey 78%
  • Algeria 76%
  • New Zealand 74%

Top 15 Corn-dependent countries:

  • United States 89%
  • Zambia 88%
  • El Salvador 80%
  • Mexico 79%
  • Croatia 76%
  • Guatemala 75%
  • South Africa 74%
  • Honduras 74%
  • Brazil 72%
  • Kenya 69%
  • Cameroon 69%
  • United Republic of Tanzania 68%
  • Togo 67%
  • Mozambique 64%
  • Colombia 63%

Top 15 Rice-dependent countries:

  • Burma 89%
  • Sierra Leone 89%
  • Madagascar 85%
  • Indonesia 72%
  • Viet Nam 70%
  • Thailand 64%
  • Guinea 63%
  • Philippines 56%
  • Senegal 55%
  • Guyana 55%
  • Singapore 51%
  • Nepal 48%
  • India 48%
  • Hong Kong 45%
  • Haiti 44%

 

 

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