Political Participation according to Power Laws
Last modified: May 31, 2007
Political participation through electronic networks has been proposed. It demands political equality. Though in our representational systems, the division between those who have political power and who don’t is so large, everybody should be thought to make a good use of information technology equally. But according to the network theory, the number of persons who have large networks is small, and a large number of people have small networks. This phenomenon is called power laws or “Zipf”.
Social capital has been a key word in direct democracy, which is exactly the total of social networks and the norms of reciprocity in a social unit. But here, also there are hubs, who have many networks and small nodes, who have few.
In Marx’s theory, self-reproduction of capital produces the phenomena where large incomes are rare, but small ones quite common. Pareto also insists that the distribution of income (especially high income) should be subject to power laws. Money and information have the same mechanism in this point. How should we find the political liberty, not political equality, through these gaps?