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International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS2006)

Hydrological catchment as a Complex System for their Environmental Planning

Mauricio Rincón-Romero
Universidad del Valle

     Full text: Not available
     Last modified: May 11, 2006

Abstract

Hydrological catchment as a Complex System for their Environmental Planning


By Mauricio Edilberto Rincón Romero, PhD
Universidad del Valle
maurorin@univalle.edu.co
gismodelling@uniweb.net.co


Abstract

In Colombia, regional development planning should be carried out taken in to account conservation and preservation of natural resources, in addition to used issues such as increase potentialities for economical growing and well-being for population; this is the direction that the Ordinance 1729 of 2002 pronounce for environmental entities within the country. This law orders to environmental Institutions to carry out the Hydrological Catchment Classification and Management Plan (POMCH, from the Spanish “Plan de Ordenamiento y Manejo de Cuencas Hidrográficas”) with systemic methodology. This exercise is being ahead in the whole country, where each environmental institution has interpreted the legislation and it has built its own systemic methodology. The Universidad del Valle advances this exercise for 10 hydrological basins of the south west of Colombia, which are quite heterogeneous watershed. The developed methodology took a systemic focus, where the each basin is understood as a complex system. This system is compound for different elements, where each one of them has a particular function within the system; each part of the system has a relation with the other elements, which draws and building a structure and a behavior pattern. This pattern demarcates how the basin works and what results coming out from the catchment.

This activity has had a particular element, which is the community participation in the construction of the complex system basin. They include additional aspect than the usual bio-physical topic like social, cultural, political and economic aspects; they also enter to the conception of the complex system of basin. The result of the exercise is to build participative scenario with the community, which it compile the community desires in a “future scenario” for basin planning and classification; it result is an agreement between community actors under the systemic catchment conception. The output scenario will be the basis for developing plans, programs and project, where throughout of them the catchment will reach the condition of the desired scenario. Results will be reached under complex system conception.




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