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International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS2006)

Groundwater arsenic pollution and its sustainable solutions for Bangladesh

Mostafa Mohammad Khalequzzaman
Kustia General Hospital, Kustia, Bangladesh

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     Last modified: June 9, 2006

Groundwater arsenic pollution and its sustainable solutions for Bangladesh

The paper discuss on the occurrence of Arsenic in ground water of Bangladesh above the safe level, its impacts on reproductive and other health aspects of human life along with recommendation of some sustainable solutions. A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the effect of arsenic poisoning on reproductive outcomes, through interviewing 533 eligible women. The study detects excess risks for spontaneous abortion, stillbirth and neonatal death among the participants exposed to increasing concentrations of arsenic in drinking water. The odds ratio (OR) for spontaneous abortion, stillbirth and neonatal death were 1.868, 1.89 and 3.375 respectively. Considering any of the three outcomes, OR 2.892 (95% C.I = 1.905 to 4.389) was observed, which denotes a statistically significant association. Melanosis and keratosis were observed among 51 (10%) and 43 (8%) participants respectively. The main source of this contamination is the ingestion of arsenic contaminated water. A sustainable solution to this problem requires availability of pure drinking water either through purification of arsenic contaminated water or alternative affordable drinking water supply. The research finally recommend some feasible alternative sources of affordable and drinkable pollutants/contaminants free water as well as a policy framework on how the proposed solution could reach to the community people.

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