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International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS2006)

Particles traveling faster than the speed of light

David Garelick
northeastern university

     Full text: Not available
     Last modified: February 7, 2006

I propose to search for neutrino like particles that travel much faster than the speed of light. I call such particles Super Luminals, SL. I assume that the speed, of CSL is essentially >> greater than the speed of electromagnetic radiation in vacuum, CEM. Further more that these particles are produced in high energy hadron interactions with cross sections like those of neutrinos.
The assumed properties of SL are, electrically neutral, neutrino like production and interaction cross sections and that CSL>>CEM may make the SLs ideal particles for galactic communications.

First, I discuss the special motivation for searching for SL. Second, I describe a conceptually simple experiment to produce and detect SL.

For ages eternal, man has speculated the existence of extra-terrestrial intelligent beings, ET. (For example, Project Seti.) To date, there is no evidence for ET. This may be the result of the transit-time limitations of communications traveling at the speed of light. (The closest star to our solar system is 8.6 light years away.) These facts provide the main motivation for hypothesizing the existence of SL. SL might provide the basis for relatively instantaneous galactic communication. The added assumption that the SL have neutrino like interaction cross-sections allows them to propagate through galactic matter.

The time, tSL, for a SL to travel the distance L is tSL=L/CSL.The time, tEM, for an EM to travel a distance L is tEM=L/CEM. Thus, a conceptually simple experiment to produce and detect SL is:
The detector signature of a SL is expected to be like that of a neutral current neutrino event. The distance L is the distance from the production interaction point to the SL shower vertex. The SL traveling much faster than the speed of light will give values of tSL much less than tEM.

Clearly, the existence of SL would require a revision of Einsteinís special theory of relativity. Some possible revisions are being investigated.

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